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Green Terms

Glossary of Green Terms

 

 

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A term used to describe precipitation that has become acidic (low pH) due to the emission of sulfur oxides from fossil fuel-burning power plants. Source: U.S. Department of Energy / Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Adverse Reaction is a harmful, unintended effect of a medication, diagnostic test, or therapeutic intervention. Especially a result that causes significant, sometimes life-threatening conditions.
Also see: Side Effects

Alternative fuels are derived from resources other than petroleum. Some are produced domestically, reducing dependence on foreign oil, and some are derived from renewable sources. Often, they produce less pollution than gasoline or diesel. Source: U.S. Department of Energy / Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Also see: Biofuels, Hybrid, Natural Gas

The ratings under which specified appliances convert energy sources into useful energy, as determined by procedures established by the U.S. Department of Energy. Source: U.S. Department of Energy / Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

BACT or Best Available Control Technology: For any specific source, the currently available technology producing the greatest reduction of air pollutant emissions. Mmajor sources are required to use BACT, unless it can be demonstrated that it is not feasible for energy, environmental, or economic reasons.

Banking is asystem for recording qualified air emission reductions for later use in bubble, offset, or netting transactions. (See: emissions trading.)

BEN

BEN is the EPA's computer model for analyzing a violator's economic gain from not complying with the law.

See BACT

Biodegradable means capable of decomposing under natural conditions.

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from virgin vegetable oil or used vegetable oil. Even animal fats like beef tallow and fish oil can be used to make biodiesel fuel. Biodiesel may be blended with conventional diesel to get different blends such as B2 (2 percent biodiesel and 98 percent conventional diesel) or B20 (20 percent biodiesel) or it can be used as 100 percent biodiesel (B100). Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Biofuels are any fuel derived from biomass. Agricultural products specifically grown for conversion to biofuels include corn and soybeans. R&D is being conducted to improve the conversion of non-grain crops, such as switchgrass and a variety of woody crops, to biofuels. The energy in biomass can be accessed by turning the raw materials of the feedstock, such as starch and cellulose, into a usable form. Transportation fuels are made from biomass through biochemical or thermochemical processes. Known as biofuels, these include ethanol, methanol, biodiesel, biocrude and methane. Source: U.S. Department of Energy / Biomass Program

Biomass is any organic material made from plants or animals. Domestic biomass resources include agricultural and forestry residues, municipal solid wastes, industrial wastes, and terrestrial and aquatic crops grown solely for energy purposes. Biomass can be converted to other usable forms of energy and is an attractive petroleum alternative for a number of reasons. First, it is a renewable resource that is more evenly distributed over the Earth

Biosphere is the portion of Earth and its atmosphere that can support life.

Blind is the state of blindness, being unable to see
Also see: Blindness, Eye Diseases, Eye Problems

Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or neurological factors.
Also see: Blind, Eye Diseases, Eye Problems

Brownfields are abandoned, idled, or under used industrial and commercial facilities/sites where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination. They can be in urban, suburban, or rural areas. EPA's Brownfields initiative helps communities mitigate potential health risks and restore the economic viability of such areas or properties.

Bubble is a system under which existing emissions sources can propose alternate means to comply with a set of emissions limitations; under the bubble concept, sources can control more than required at one emission point where control costs are relatively low in return for a comparable relaxation of controls at a second emission point where costs are higher.

Corporate Average Fuel Economy

Carbon Dioxide is a colorless, odorless noncombustible gas with the formula CO2 that is present in the atmosphere. It is formed by the combustion of carbon and carbon compounds (such as fossil fuels and biomass), by respiration, which is a slow combustion in animals and plants, and by the gradual oxidation of organic matter in the soil. Source: U.S. Department of Energy / Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide. Source: Carbon Footprint

Carbon Offset: The act of neutralizing greenhouse gas emissions through emissions trading is called carbon offsetting.


Also see: Electromagnetic Radiation, EMFs

CFB

CFC: see Chlorofluorocarbon

CFC

CFC: see Chlorofluorocarbon

CFL

CFL: see Compact Fluorescent Lamp

Chlorofluorocarbon is a family of chemicals composed primarily of carbon, hydrogen, chlorine and fluorine whose principal applications are as refrigerants and industrial cleansers and whose principal drawback is the tendency to destroy the Earth

Cialis (generic name tadalafil) is a virility drug used to treat erectile dysfunction in men.

Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion Technology is a type of furnace or reactor in which the emission of sulfur compounds is lowered by the addition of crushed limestone in the fluidized bed, thus obviating the need for much of the expensive stack gas clean-up equipment. The particles are collected and recirculated, after passing through a conventional bed, and cooled by boiler internals. CFB technology is recognized by the U.S. Department of Energy as a clean-coal technology. CFB technology has strong environmental performance, and a record of dependable, cost-effective service. CFB boilers are very flexible and can utilize a wide range of fuels, including run of mine coal, waste coal and biomass. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

A company or other organizational unit that produces electricity from sources that are thought to be environmentally cleaner than traditional sources. Clean, or green, power is usually defined as power from renewable energy that comes from wind, solar, biomass energy, etc. There are various definitions of clean resources. Some definitions include power produced from waste-to-energy and wood-fired plants that may still produce significant air emissions. Some states have defined certain local resources as clean that other states would not consider clean. For example, the state of Texas has defined power from efficient natural gas-fired power plants as clean. Some northwest states include power from large hydropower projects as clean although these projects damage fish populations. Various states have disclosure and labeling requirement for generation source and air emissions that assist customers in comparing electricity characteristics other than price. This allows customers to decide for themselves what they consider to be "clean." The federal government is also exploring this issue. Source: U.S. Department of Energy / Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Climate change refers to any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). Climate change may result from natural factors, natural processes or human activities.

Coal is a burnable carbonaceous rock that contains large amounts of carbon. It is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by mining. Coal is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity worldwide.
Also see: Biofuels, Fossil Fuel

Compact fluorescent lamps combine the energy efficiency of fluorescent lighting with the convenience and popularity of incandescent lamps. CFLs can replace incandescents that are roughly three-to-four times their wattage, saving up to 75 percent of the initial lighting energy. Although CFLs cost 3-10 times times more than comparable incandescent bulbs, they last 6-15 times as long (6,000-15,000 hours). Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Conservation is the preservation of resources through efficient and careful use. Source: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is a way to measure the fuel economy of specific manufacturers


Also see: Petroleum

Daylighting is the use of direct, diffused or reflected sunlight to provide supplemental lighting for building interiors. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

A Detached Retina or Retinal Detachment is a disorder of the eye in which the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue. Without rapid treatment the detached retina may lead to vision loss and blindness.

See Network Marketing

Disease is a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, esp. one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury

A Drug is any substance that, when absorbed into the body of a living organism, alters normal bodily function.

E D

See Erectile Dysfunction
Also see: Erectile Dysfunction, Erectial Dysfunction , Impotence

An Earthquake is a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action.The sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust creates seismic waves.

In ecological risk assessment, Ecological Entity is a general term referring to a species, a group of species, an ecosystem function or characteristic, or a specific habitat or biome.

Ecological Exposure is the exposure of a non-human organism to a stressor.

Ecological Impact is the effect that a man-caused or natural activity has on living organisms and their non-living (abiotic) environment.

Ecological Indicator is a characteristic of an ecosystem that is related to, or derived from, a measure of biotic or abiotic variable, that can provide quantitative information on ecological structure and function. An indicator can contribute to a measure of integrity and sustainability.

Ecological Integrity: A living system exhibits integrity if, when subjected to disturbance, it sustains and organizes self-correcting ability to recover toward a biomass end-state that is normal for that system. End-states other than the pristine or naturally whole may be accepted as normal and good.

Ecological Risk Assessment is the application of a formal framework, analytical process, or model to estimate the effects of human actions(s) on a natural resource and to interpret the significance of those effects in light of the uncertainties identified in each component of the assessment process. Such analysis includes initial hazard identification, exposure and dose-response assessments, and risk characterization.

See Environmental Sustainability

Ecology refers to the relationship of living things to one another and their environment, or the study of such relationships.

Economic Poisons are chemicals used to control pests and to defoliate cash crops such as cotton.

Ecosphere is the "bio-bubble" that contains life on earth, in surface waters, and in the air. (See: biosphere.)

Ecosystem is the interacting system of a biological community and its non-living environmental surroundings.

Efficacy is the amount of energy service or useful energy delivered per unit of energy input. Often used in reference to lighting systems, where the visible light output of a luminary is relative to power input; expressed in lumens per Watt; the higher the efficacy value, the higher the energy efficiency. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Under the First Law of Thermodynamics, efficiency is the ratio of work or energy output to work or energy input, and cannot exceed 100 percent. Efficiency under the Second Law of Thermodynamics is determined by the ratio of the theoretical minimum energy that is required to accomplish a task relative to the energy actually consumed to accomplish the task. Generally, the measured efficiency of a device, as defined by the First Law, will be higher than that defined by the Second Law. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy


Also see: Electromagnetic Radiation, EMFs

Electromagnetic radiation can be classified into ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation, based on whether it is capable of ionizing atoms and breaking chemical bonds. Ultraviolet and higher frequencies, such as X-rays or gamma rays are ionizing. Non-ionizing radiation is eitherelectrical and biological.

Electric and magnetic Fields, also known as EMFs are invisible lines of force created whenever electricity is generated or used. EMFs are produced by power lines, electric wiring, and electric equipment and appliances. .

An Emission is pollution discharged into the atmosphere from smokestacks, other vents, and surface areas of commercial or industrial facilities; from residential chimneys; and from motor vehicle, locomotive, or aircraft exhausts.

Emissions Inventory is a list of air pollutants emitted into a community

Emissions Trading: The creation of surplus emission reductions at certain stacks, vents or similar emissions sources and the use of this surplus to meet or redefine pollution requirements applicable to other emissions sources. This allows one source to increase emissions when another source reduces them, maintaining an overall constant emission level. Facilities that reduce emissions substantially may "bank" their "credits" or sell them to other facilities or industries.

EMR


Also see: Electromagnetic Radiation, EMFs, Geopathic Radiation, Geopathogenic Radiation

Energy Audit is the process of determining energy consumption, by various techniques, of a building or facility. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Energy performance contracts are generally financing or operating leases provided by an Energy Service Company (ESCo) or equipment manufacturer for energy-saving installations. What distinguishes these contracts is that they provide a guarantee on energy savings from the installed retrofit measures, and they usually also offer a range of associated design, installation, and maintenance services. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

You can use the energy performance ratings of windows, doors, and skylights to tell you their potential for gaining and losing heat, as well as transmitting sunlight into your home. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Energy Services Company is a company that offers to reduce a client

Energy Star is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy helping us all save money and protect the environment through energy efficient products and practices. In 1992 EPA introduced ENERGY STAR as a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Source: Energy Star

Environment is the sum of all external conditions affecting the life, development and survival of an organism.

Environmental Assessment is an environmental analysis prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act to determine whether a federal action would significantly affect the environment and thus require a more detailed environmental impact statement.

Environmental Audit is an independent assessment of the current status of a party's compliance with applicable environmental requirements or of a party's environmental compliance policies, practices, and controls.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Ecological or Environmental Sustainability refers to the maintenance of ecosystem components and functions for future generations.

EPA

EPA: see Environmental Protection Agency

Erectial Dysfunction or Erectile Dysfunction is a condition involving difficulty achieving or keeping an erection.

Erectile Dysfunction, ED, or male impotence is sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis sufficient for satisfying sexual activity
Also see: E D, Erectial Dysfunction , Impotence

Erosion is the wearing away of land surface by wind or water, intensified by land-clearing practices related to farming, residential or industrial development, road building, or logging.

Ethanol (CH3-CH2OH) is a clear, colorless, flammable oxygenated hydrocarbon. Ethanol is typically produced chemically from ethylene, or biologically from fermentation of various sugars from carbohydrates found in agricultural crops and cellulosic residues from crops or wood. It is used in the United States as a gasoline octane enhancer and oxygenate (blended up to 10 percent concentration). Ethanol can also be used in high concentrations (E85) in vehicles designed for its use. Source: Energy Information Administration

Eye Diseases or Disorders are conditions of the eyes where there is blindness and low vision or conditions of the eyes that can lead to The leading causes of blindness and low vision. Examples are glaucoma, cataracts, detached retina

See Eye Diseases

A fossil fuel is a fuel formed from the remains of organic materials. Fossil fuels include coal, oil, and natural gas


Also see: Fossil Fuel

Wood has been certified by the Forest Stewardship Council or FSC. FSC certifies all wood-based materials that come from sources that comply with sustainable forestry practices that protect trees, wildlife habitat, streams, and soil.

Fuel is an energy source for engines, power plants, or reactors.

Gas


Also see: Fuel, Gasoline

Gasoline is a volatile, flammable liquid mixture of hydrocarbons, obtained from petroleum, and used as fuel for automobiles and internal-combustion engines.
Also see: Fuel

Geopathic Radiation: see Geopathogenic Radiation

Geopathic Radiation or Geopathogenic Radiation is a disturbance of the Earth

GHG

GHG see Greenhouse Gases

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma is often caused by increased pressure in the eye, a condition known as intraocular pressure (IOP)

Global warming is an increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth

GoLiveGreenLife.com is a website providing environmentally friendly and healthy products that allow you to Save Money, Save Energy, Save The Planet, Be Healthy.

Gases in the Earth

Greenwashing is a term applied to activities at companies which are not genuinely interested in sustainability, but are simply trying to improve their standing with the public.

Healthy means possessing or enjoying good healthor a sound and vigorous mentality.Conducive to good health

A high-performance building is a building with energy, economic and environmental performance that is substantially better than standard practice. It is energy efficient, so it saves money and natural resources. It is a healthy place to live and work for its occupants and has relatively low impact on the environment. All this is achieved through a process called whole-building design. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Hybrid refers to vehicles that use two systems to propel the vehicle, using a rechargeable electric system as well as burning gasoline. Such vehicles typically have higher gas mileage and lower air emissions.

ICA

ICA or Illegal Competitive Advantage is economic benefit that goes beyond the simplifying paradigm of delayed or avoided pollution control expenditures

See ICA

Impotence or Male Impotence is the chronic inability to attain or sustain an erection for the

Incandescent lamps operate without a ballast. They light up instantly, providing a warm light and excellent color rendition. You can also dim them. Light is emitted when electricity flows through-and heats-a tungsten filament. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy compared to other lighting options (10-17 lumens per Watt) and a short average operating life (750-2500 hours). Incandescent lamps are the least expensive to buy, but because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they usually are more expensive to operate. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Integrated Gasification-Combined Cycle Technology is a clean-coal technology that combines coal gasification with combined cycle power generation. Coal, water and oxygen are fed to a gasifier, which produces syngas. This medium-Btu gas is cleaned (particulates and sulfur compounds removed) and is fed to a gas turbine. The hot exhaust of the gas turbine and heat recovered from the gasification process are routed through a heat-recovery generator to produce steam that drives a steam turbine to produce electricity. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 1988. Its main objective was to assess scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant to the understanding of human-induced climate change, potential impacts of climate change and options for mitigation and adaptation. The IPCC has completed three assessment reports, developed methodology guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories, special reports and technical papers. Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCC: see Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED):

LEED is the nationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction and operation of high performance green buildings. LEED gives building owners and operators the tools they need to have an immediate and measurable impact on their buildings

Levitra (generic name vardenafil) is a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction in men

LID

LID: see Low Impact Development

Low Emitting and Fuel Efficient Vehicle: Any vehicle that has either been classified as a Zero Emission Vehicle by the California Air Resources Board or has achieved a minimum green score of 40 on the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide.

One of LID

Low VOC refers to reduced amounts of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in paint and finishes. Low-VOC paints offer less off-gassing than conventional paints and contain fewer harmful toxins, making them better for the environment.

MLM

See Network Marketing

See Network Marketing

Natraburst is a nutrient rich food source or superfood. Natraburst contains 30 superfoods, vegan protein and antioxidants.

Natural Gas is a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes

See Radioactive Material

Network Marketing is a marketing strategy in which the sales force is compensated not only for sales they personally generate, but also for the sales of others they recruit, creating a downline of distributors and a hierarchy of multiple levels of compensation. It is also known as Multi-level Marketing, MLM, Direct Sales / Selling, Referral Marketing, and Pyramid Selling.

Nuclear power is electric or motive power generated by a nuclear reactor. The nuclear power is produced by controlled (i.e., non-explosive) nuclear reactions.

Nuclear reactors are machines that convert energy stored in atoms into heat or electricity. A device to initiate and control a sustained nuclear chain reaction. The most common use of nuclear reactors is for the generation of electric energy and for the propulsion of ships.

Nutrition is food or a source of nourishment. The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and for replacement of tissues.

oil


Also see: Fossil Fuel

Organic: Of or relating to a product that is has solely an animal or vegetable origin. Entirely natural, without any chemical additives. Organic materials and products often carry certifications according to industry.

Organic gardening is most easily defined as a philosophy that stresses the use of naturally occurring substances and friendly predators and avoiding man-made chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

Petroleum is a thick, flammable, yellow-to-black mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the earth's surface, can be separated into fractions including natural gas, gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, fuel and lubricating oils, paraffin wax, and asphalt and is used as raw material for a wide variety of derivative products.

Radiation is energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles.

Radiation Exposure,Radioactive Contamination, or Radiological Contamination, is the uncontrolled distribution of radioactive material in a given environment.
Also see: Radiation Sickness

Radiation sickness is illness and symptoms resulting from excessive exposure to radiation over a short period of time. The term radiation sickness is especially used to description of the syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions).

The main three types of radioactive material are Alpha, Beta and Gamma. Radioactive substances emit radiation. This can be harmful if we subject ourselves to too much. Naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) result from the processing or consumption of coal, oil and gas, and some minerals. What Is Radioactive Material? Since every thing is made of atoms, radioactivity is part of nature. Radioactive atoms are unstable.

Radioactive waste is a waste product containing radioactive material. It is usually the product of a nuclear process such as nuclear fission/

Rainwater harvesting is an ancient practice of catching and holding rain for later use. In a rainwater harvesting system, rain is gathered from a building rooftop or other source and is held in large containers for future use, such as watering gardens or washing cars. This practice reduces the demand on water resources and is excellent during times of drought. Source: Water Resources Group

Referral Marketing is a method of promoting products or services to new customers through referrals, usually word of mouth. See also Network Marketing

Remediation is the action of remedying something, espdcially the reversal or stopping of damage to the environment

The term renewable energy generally refers to electricity supplied from renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar power, geothermal, hydropower and various forms of biomass. These energy sources are considered renewable sources because their fuel sources are continuously replenished. Under Virginia law, renewable energy refers to "energy derived from sunlight, wind, falling water, sustainable biomass, energy from waste, wave motion, tides, and geothermal power and does not include energy derived from coal, oil, natural gas or nuclear power." Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

See Detached Retina

Schungit: see Shungite'

Schungit: see Shungite'

Schungit: see Shungite'

Shungite is a mineral rock that is only found in Russia. It is said to have miraculous healing powers. Shungit, Schungit, Schungite, Shungite rock/stone eliminates and absorbs all that imposes a hazard on people, and living beings, but concentrates and restores all that are healthy for a human being.

Side Effects are problems that occur, usually as a result of taking a drug or medication, that are in addition to the desired therapeutic effect

The term

Smart growth covers a range of development and conservation strategies that help protect our natural environment and make our communities more attractive, economically stronger and more socially diverse. Based on the experience of communities around the nation that have used smart growth approaches to create and maintain great neighborhoods, the Smart Growth Network developed a set of 10 basic principles.Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Superfood is a term sometimes used to describe food with high phytonutrient content that may confer health benefits as a result

Sustainability is a new way of thinking about an age-old concern: ensuring that our children and grandchildren inherit a tomorrow that is at least as good as today, preferably better. Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Tsunami is a long high sea wave caused by an earthquake or other disturbance. A series of water waves caused by the displacement of a large volume of a body of water, usually an ocean. Occurs frequently in Japan.

Viagra (generic name sildenafil) is a medication used to treat men who have trouble getting or maintaining an erection. A drug treatment for erectile dysfunction or impotence.

Water pollution is any chemical, physical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks or uses or lives (in) it.

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